Skin is one of the largest organs, which also acts as the dynamic boundary of our body. The skin is the body’s interface with the external environment, and has numerous vital functions which are more than skin deep, starting from protection against the natural forces (barrier function), to thermoregulation (maintenance of body temperature), receiving sensory inputs and even synthesis of nutritional factors like Vitamin D. The functional integrity of the skin can be maintained only when the structure remains intact.


Skin tissue is composed of 7 different types of cell layers, or strata, each having its own structural & functional characteristics, starting from providing toughness & elasticity to formation of new skin.

Looking broadly, skin can be classified into

  • Epidermis, or the outermost layer which provides protection and maintains skin moisture
  • Dermis, the next layer which maintains skin elasticity
  • Hypodermis, the lowermost layer which stores fat as well as hold the blood vessels & nerves


  1. PROTECT YOUR SKIN FROM SUN – Sun rays are the main cause of skin damage & especially wrinkles. It is estimated that without the sun-induced skin damage, we shall start getting our first wrinkles at about 80 years age. So always use sunscreens and wear protective clothing (like long sleeved shirts, wide brimmed hats, etc.) whenever possible, and try avoid sun between 10 am to 4 pm when the sun’s rays are strongest.
  2. QUIT SMOKING – If you smoke then the best way is to stop, since smoking contributes to wrinkles and also decreases skin blood flow, ultimately leading to skin ageing.
  3. TREAT YOUR SKIN GENTLY WHILE CLEANSING – Using strong soaps & detergents can remove the oils from skin. So always prefer gentle cleansers. Also long, hot showers deplete the skin of the oils, and need to be avoided. Lukewarm water suits better. Pat drying the skin after bath to leave some moisture on the skin is definitely better method over rubbing, and use of post-bath moisturiser helps to keep the skin moisture intact. Always use lubricants (shaving cream, foam or gel) and sharp razor while shaving to avoid skin abrasions.
  4. EAT HEALTHY – A healthy diet always helps to keep the skin young. Eat plenty of fruits, vegetables, whole grains & lean proteins. Some research points that Vitamin C rich diet might promote younger looking skin.
  5. MANAGE STRESS – Uncontrolled stress can make your skin more sensitive, and can even lead to Acne breakouts. Controlling your stress can lead to dramatic results.